Nearly two-thirds of the merchandise received by FTZs in 2013 was domestically sourced, with the value of domestic status inputs growing to $545.5bn. The remaining $290.3bn in received merchandise consisted of foreign status inputs.
The composition of foreign status inputs received by foreign-trade zones has also shifted significantly, according to the report. In 2013, a 16 percent decline in foreign status petroleum inputs was offset by increases in other product categories, such as vehicles, electrical machinery and consumer products.
Daniel Griswold, president of the National Association of Foreign-Trade Zones, praised the report's findings. “Record FTZ exports, merchandise received, and employment offer compelling evidence that the FTZ program is expanding and adapting to meet the needs of American-based companies competing in a global economy,” said Griswold. “The FTZ program has become vital to U.S. economic policy goals of boosting exports, attracting foreign investment, and creating well-paying and sustainable private-sector jobs on American soil.”
He added: “FTZ user companies have done more than their share to meet President Obama’s goal of doubling exports. Since 2009, exports from foreign-trade zones have almost tripled, from $28bn to nearly $80bn. The FTZ program shows that when U.S.-based companies are allowed to access global inputs at competitive prices, they can become export powerhouses.”
According to the report, the $79.5bn export figure is based solely on material inputs, and does not include the value added to those inputs by U.S.-based manufacturers operating in foreign-trade zones. The National Association of Foreign-Trade Zones is working with the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones Board to more accurately capture the full value of exports from FTZs, including the value added to foreign and domestic status inputs by FTZ user companies.
There were 177 active FTZs during 2013, with a total of 289 active manufacturing/production operations. A record high of 390,000 persons were employed at 3,050 firms that used FTZs during the year – an increase of 20,000 employees over 2012. The FTZ Board processed 65 applications for new or expanded production authority in 2013, and reorganized 23 zones under the alternative site framework.
The complete report can be downloaded, click here.
The National Association of Foreign-Trade Zones is a trade association of 650 members representing public and private organizations involved in the foreign-trade zones program. NAFTZ is the primary voice of communities and industries that utilize the FTZ program, including zone grantees, operators and users.