The top marketing executive at a sizable US retailer recently found herself perplexed by the sales reports she was getting. A major competitor was steadily gaining market share across a range of profitable segments. Despite a counter punch that combined online promotions with merchandizing improvements, her company kept losing ground.
When the executive convened a group of senior leaders to dig into the competitor's practices, they found that the challenge ran deeper than they had imagined. The competitor had made massive investments in its ability to collect, integrate and analyze data from each store and every sales unit and had used this ability to run myriad real-world experiments. At the same time, it had linked this information to suppliers' databases, making it possible to adjust prices in real time, to reorder hot-selling items automatically, and to shift items from store to store easily. By constantly testing, bundling, synthesizing, and making information instantly available across the organization-from the store floor to the CFO's office-the rival company had become a different, far nimbler type of business.
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