Alphaliner notes that since the last wave of liner company mergers and acquisitions, in 2005-2007, none of the top 20 carriers have been involved in any M&A activity, and Alphaliner says there remain significant barriers to consolidation, acting as deterrents to carriers which would consider M&A moves in the near term.
Alphaliner says that proponents of consolidation suggest that larger and more cost-efficient carriers could derive economies of scale which will drive smaller players from main liner markets.
This has so far remained elusive and Alphaliner notes that smaller carriers have consistently outperformed their larger competitors financially, which refutes the view that larger operators are necessarily more profitable.
Recent corporate moves involving the main carriers have centered on the injection of new capital from non-operating investors. This started with the Albert Ballin group investing into Hapag-Lloyd in 2008, followed by Yildirim's investment in CMA CGM (2010) and QuiÃƒÂ±enco investing in CSAV (2011).
Alphaliner says that this trend is expected to continue, with reports suggesting that the French sovereign investment fund Fonds StratÃƒÂ©gique d'Investissement is considering a $195m investment in CMA CGM.
Source: British International Freight Association
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