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"Rapid population growth, skewed to developing regions, is increasing demand on raw material sources while providing new markets for low-cost labor," said Michael Daher, principal and Retail Sourcing Practice leader, Deloitte Consulting LLP. "Additionally, online, mobile and social channels continue to disrupt the retail landscape. As low-cost online competitors continue to expand across more categories, private label provides an opportunity for retailers to defend their marketshare by offering products that are exclusive to their banner. But it's not the "˜copy and paste' private label we grew up with"”these are innovative private label brands that require more sophisticated sourcing capabilities."
Deloitte's Private Label Sourcing Study - one of the largest and most comprehensive to date - analyzed responses from more than 260 executives from apparel, general merchandise and grocery retailers to uncover shifts in market trends and private label sourcing practices.
The survey asked respondents to rank their top market pressures. Respondents indicated that raw material cost increases and volatility were considered the top market pressures, followed by rising labor wages and fuel price volatility. Raw materials, production labor costs and transportation costs account for 80 to 84 percent of total respondents' average product costs.
Retailers' current response strategies do not appear to directly mitigate such pressures. Roughly 7 in 10 respondents indicate that their organization's response strategy is currently focused on enhancing quality assurance programs (71 percent), engaging in advanced planning/scheduling with vendors (70 percent) and enhancing ethical sourcing capabilities (69 percent).
In contrast, retailers are adopting new strategic responses that correspond more closely to the acute cost of pressures reported. Retailers' top three emerging strategies include: diversifying their country source of supply footprint (35 percent), re-shoring production to domestic vendors (33 percent), and consolidating vendors (28 percent).
"Re-shoring to local markets is becoming an increasingly attractive option for retailers looking to reduce transportation costs and for products with low labor intensity," said Daher. "For retailers in sub-sectors such as apparel, which tend to have the most vendor fragmentation, cost pressures may incentivize vendor consolidation - especially when retailers desire to improve their leverage to negotiate lower costs, manage smaller order sizes and execute faster production cycles."
Outsourcing of retailers' sourcing activities continues to play a significant role. Virtually every sourcing activity was fully or partially outsourced more than 50 percent of the time, and for activities like raw material and finished goods sourcing, that number rises to more than 60 percent. Several retailers are dis-intermediating their supply chain partners by establishing offshore sourcing offices to "go direct" to the manufacturers.
Ethical sourcing remains a top priority among retailers: a total of 92 percent of respondents indicate their organizations are either currently enhancing their ethical sourcing capabilities to address sourcing pressures or plan to do so in the future.
Deloitte's study also found that, among the 94 countries noted as sources of supply, China, Mexico and Canada are the most prevalent. However, after more than a decade as the undisputed leader as a sourcing and manufacturing base, China's appreciating currency, economic growth and rising labor costs have begun to impact its dominance in the supply market. Survey respondents indicate that other Asian countries - including India, Vietnam, Cambodia and the Philippines - are becoming increasingly attractive sourcing locations, particularly for apparel and softlines.
To download the full report, with detailed survey results and strategies for retailers, click here.
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