So goes conventional wisdom. But for anyone seeking a deeper and more accurate picture of peak-season retailing, it might be wise to retire those convenient media hooks.
The concept of Cyber Monday - the supposed post-Thanksgiving kickoff to internet purchases for the Christmas shopping season - has become less relevant than in years past. Consumers are blurring the lines between stores and the Web. They're shopping for bargains earlier, beginning on Thanksgiving Day or even earlier. (Much to the chagrin, it should be added, of retail clerks who must leave their families on Thanksgiving Day to go to work.)
Retailers, meanwhile, are offering bargains on both channels, even encouraging online shoppers to pick up merchandise in the stores, rather than wait for home delivery.
They never gave that much weight to Cyber Monday anyway, according to Walter Delph, chief executive officer of the advertising technology firm Adly. He doesn't discount the modern-day role of the internet -Adly specializes in celebrity endorsements for its clients' products via social media. It began with celebrity tweeting, then morphed into a provider of multiple services for marketing via platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. But Delph believes the media is overly focused on the Web as a stand-alone marketing channel, in competition with brick-and-mortar stores.
He sees continuing growth in online sales, but predicts that retailers will draw less of a distinction between stores and the Web in their marketing efforts in years to come. They'll embrace a variety of creative strategies that employ all channels, especially those utilizing mobile devices.
That said, social media played a bigger role in merchandising during the 2013 Christmas season than in prior years. Many retailers were just waking up to the possibilities of reaching consumers on the most popular social sites.
It was more than a question of drawing shoppers to a website. Shoppers saw greater use of techniques such as sweepstakes, contests and promotions with a strict deadline. Such strategies "can get an audience to pay attention immediately," says Delph.
Much of the activity this time around took place on Facebook and Twitter, with Instagram also stepping up as an important marketing channel for Adly. "It's growing so fast," says Delph. "Consumers are really flocking to it."
Pioneers in the use of social media for marketing included some of the nation's largest retailers, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and Target Brands, Inc. among them. They used photos and even short videos to show off items they were hoping to push.
"It's really about creating more of a visual experience," says Delph. "The difference between social media and other platforms is the ability to have a conversation." In the process, merchandisers can quickly discover what's working, and what's not.
We're long past the point when marketers have to guess about the makeup of their audience. Thanks to the willingness of consumers - especially young people - to share their lives over the Web, retailers have access to intimate details about individual shoppers. Generic, non-targeted ads are becoming a thing of the past.
"The amount of data that we generate in social and digital media enables marketers to understand exactly how to reach consumers," Delph says.
Of course, social media channels carry a substantial downside for retailers and branded merchandise. A poor shopping experience - stock-out, technical glitch, missed delivery, bad customer support - can trigger an exponentially negative response. It doesn't take much for a screw-up to go viral on the Web - far less than for a product to catch on with consumers.
Even a good experience on social media can prove to be a liability for retailers, if it results in a flood of unanticipated demand. Every Christmas season seems to come with at least one story of a merchandiser who didn't anticipate the runaway success of a particular item. For all the sophistication of retail marketing today, it hasn't completely been integrated with the supply chain that's supposed to support it.
Given the massive level of activity generated by social media, it's something of a surprise that a handful of platforms is dominating cyberspace. One up-and-coming player, according to Delph, is Snapchat, a photo-messaging app. "The growth in the amount of images created on that platform is pretty startling," he says. For the most part, though, the conversation is still controlled by Facebook, followed by five others - Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+, Pinterest and Tumblr - with more than 100 million unique monthly visitors.
The future will bring even tighter integration of social media with retailing, especially during peak seasons. (Delph notes that many smaller entities have yet to embrace the channel in a meaningful way.) Expect marketing strategies to grow even more complex and individualized, as merchandisers battle one another on all channels. And the term "Cyber Monday" will quietly fade away.
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